Aleksandr Sergeyevich Pushkin (1799-1837) is a Great Russian poet, prosaic and playwright.
One of the important stages in his life history was his study
at the Imperial Lyceum in Tsarskoye Selo, near St. Petersburg. That was the place where he was firstly appraised as a poet. Lots of his adult and child verses bear the imprint of the memories of his studies at the Lyceum, patriotic feelings fuelled by the Patriotic War of 1812.
After graduating from the Lyceum Pushkin was granted with the rank of collegiate secretary in the Collegium of Foreign Affairs. He was on friendly terms with lot of the Decembrists. He wrote romantic runes and fairy tales as well as prose. He felt like a literate man, not a public official. That was why he left his office in a short time. He was deported to Mikhaylovskoye because of his liberal poems. The first autumn spent at the estate, appeared to be rather productive. He wrote his opus magna. In 1830, Pushkin once again filled the application for the public official, that time as a historiographer. In such a way, he longed to obtain the admittance to the archives, to write a historical novel about the Pugachev’s Rebellion. For this purpose, in 1833, Pushkin undertook a journey to Orenburg Region, talked to the eyewitnesses of the events, visited the places where the doings had started. The article corpus in the Orenburg Pushkin Encyclopaedia certifies how veracious the material shown in “Istoria Pugacheva” (“A History of Pugachev”) was. In 1836,
A. S. Pushkin started publishing the “Sovremennik” magazine
Orenburg values Pushkin in a special way. There are lots of poems, stories, and pictures written about poet’s Orenburg travel. His death mask is housed in the local lore museum
of a governor. The streets are named in his honour, and the newlyweds come to the Pushkin Monument on the bank of Ural.